Hassan Rizwan Chattha is a student of International Relations at Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad. He is focused on changing global Political and security dynamics and their widespread implications.


The concept of European integration was conceptualized after World War II, in order to bring Germany and France closer to each other by making them to cooperate with each other specifically in economic aspect in order to reduce the widened mistrust between the two states. With the passage of time, it grew in membership and scope as predicted by neo-functionalism and the integrative process was uninterrupted for about seven decades. For first time, European Union is facing multi-faceted challenges i.e. migration and euro crisis that can be observed by seeing moves towards disintegration such as Brexit. This paper explains that these crisis will further stimulate the integration in members of EU and highlights the issues that can be faced if the integration having such deep roots is experimented with steps for reversal, and spill-back is not as easy as the state might think of, because it involves many complex negotiations that are referred as hard talks that can take a long duration and in the meantime can create turmoil at social, economic and political level as seen in United Kingdom.  

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