Assawer Toheed is a student of International Relations and politics at Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad. She is interested in Middle Eastern Politics, Arms Control and Disarmament, Foriegn Policy Analysis, and Defense and Strategic Studies. 


This paper attempts to explore the Arabian-Iranian standstill in terms of their bilateral relations. In doing so, the paper analyzes the bilateral Cul-de-sac with respect to their emerging contours that have manifested in the Post-Arab Spring period, whilst also considering the subsequent implications the existing nature of relations ought to have on regional stability. The method of research that has been employed throughout the course of the study is purely qualitative. Therefore, the theoretical framework of choice with regards to the research is that of Neoclassical Realism, which, to put simply, posits that there is more to Foreign Policy decisions than the influence of singular factors such as structure of the international system for instance or, in this case, the element of sectarianism. The research yields results that suggest that in both the states’ vying for regional hegemony, sectarianism is but one of the many tools employed. In addition to the element of sectarianism, there exists an interplay of varying sorts of domestic pressures (for and on high states), transnational empathies, as well as other regional statist goals, motives, intentions, and ambitions.

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