Founder of Rationale-47 NatSec & Diplomacy Forum, Abubakar Farooqui‘s much awaited book “Indian Foreign Policy Decision-Making Towards Pakistan” is out in the stores. With this, he has become Pakistan’s youngest published author in the domain of International Relations and Politics.

His book is an application of the Neoclassical Realist theory of international politics in his quest to explain India’s foreign policy decision-making and behavior towards Pakistan in both Mumbai and Pulwama crises.

The Mumbai Attacks in India in 2008, pitched the two South Asian Nuclear powers India and Pakistan against each other in a deadly crisis. However, despite unordinary domestic and strategic pressure, the Indian government headed by Manmohan Singh decided to exercise strategic restraint against Pakistan. Around a decade later, a militant attack on an Indian security convoy in Pulwama, Indian Held Kashmir, marked the beginning of another deadly crisis. The Indian government decided to respond militarily to Pakistan as it claimed that the attack was sponsored and orchestrated by Pakistan. The 2019, India Pakistan stand-off converted into a military conflict that ended into first aerial combat between the two air forces since 1971.

This book sheds light on India’s Pakistan policy as discusses its evolution along various phases and regimes. It then compares the two crises, i.e. Mumbai and Pulwama and analyzes India’s decision making in the form of its response towards Pakistan. By applying Neoclassical Realist theory of International Relations, the book shows that a number of systemic factors interplayed with the domestic factors and shaped India’s foreign policy decisions both in 2008 and 2019. The difference in systemic and domestic environment during both the crises was the reason why India’s foreign policy behaviour in 2019 differed from 2008.

The book argues that the Indian foreign policy behaviour in 2019 reflected India’s changing grand-strategy towards Pakistan. It applies Neoclassical Realist theory of International Relations to study India’s grand-strategic re-adjustment towards Pakistan and how this shift reflects that a new conflict is brewing up in South Asia, with Kashmir being the major flashpoint between India and Pakistan.